Study of new lead-free double perovskites halides Tl2TiX6 (X = Cl, Br, I) for solar cells and renewable energy devices

Q. Mahmood, Ghazanfar Nazir, Sonia Bouzgarrou, A. I. Aljameel, Adeela Rehman, Hind Albalawi, Bakhtiar Ul Haq, T. Ghrib, Abeer Mera

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15 Scopus citations


In recent years, lead-free double perovskites have been found tremendously advantageous due to their unique optoelectronic and environmentally benign photovoltaic characteristics. Herein, we have explored optical, thermoelectric, and thermodynamical properties of Tl2TiX6 (where X ​= ​Cl, Br, I) using modified Becke and Johnson exchange potential. The calculated value of the Goldschmidt tolerance factor in the range 0.90–1.04 demonstrates the structurally stable cubic phase of our materials. Moreover, the negative value of formation energy together with positive phonon dispersion further reinforces the thermodynamically stable nature of the crystal structures. Further, a decrease in calculated bandgaps of Tl2TiCl6 (2.99 ​eV) was observed in Tl2TiBr6 (2.26 ​eV) and Tl2TiI6 (1.42 ​eV), obtained by changing Cl with Br and I anions, respectively. The first absorption bands 413 ​nm–310 ​nm for Tl2TiCl6, 496 ​nm–400 ​nm for Tl2TiBr6, and 775 ​nm–496 ​nm for Tl2TiI6 increase the potential of studied compounds for solar cells, and optoelectronic applications. In the end, the transport properties were examined based on Boltzmann transport theory via BoltzTrap code. Moreover, the reasonably high values of figure of merits (0.76 and 0.75) measured at room temperature further authenticate their utilization as thermoelectric generators.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122887
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • Figure of merits
  • Modified becke and johnson potential
  • Optoelectronic and solar cells
  • Phonon dispersion
  • Thermoelectric properties


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