Removal of lead ions from wastewater using magnesium sulfide nanoparticles caged alginate microbeads

Mehdi Esmaeili Bidhendi, Ehsan Parandi, Masoumeh Mahmoudi Meymand, Hassan Sereshti, Hamid Rashidi Nodeh, Sang Woo Joo, Yasser Vasseghian, Nadia Mahmoudi Khatir, Shahabaldin Rezania

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In this study, an adsorbent made of alginate (Alg) caged magnesium sulfide nanoparticles (MgS) microbeads were used to treat lead ions (Pb2+ ions). The MgS nanoparticles were synthesized at low temperatures, and Alg@MgS hydrogel microbeads were made by the ion exchange process of the composite materials. The newly fabricated Alg@MgS was characterized by XRD, SEM, and FT-IR. The adsorption conditions were optimized for the maximum removal of Pb2+ ions by adjusting several physicochemical parameters, including pH, initial concentration of lead ions, Alg/MgS dosage, reaction temperature, equilibration time, and the presence of co-ions. This is accomplished by removing the maximum amount of Pb2+ ions. Moreover, the adsorbent utilized more than six times with a substantial amount (not less than 60%) of Pb2+ ions was eliminated. Considering the ability of sodium alginate (SA) for excellent metal chelation and controlled nanosized pore structure, the adsorption equilibrium of Alg@MgS can be reached in 60 min, and the highest adsorption capacity for Pb2+ was 84.7 mg/g. The sorption mechanism was explored by employing several isotherms. It was found that the Freundlich model fits the adsorption process quite accurately. The pseudo-second-order model adequately described the adsorption kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114416
JournalEnvironmental Research
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • Adsorption equilibrium
  • Alginate microbeads
  • Kinetic
  • Lead removal
  • Magnesium sulfide nanoparticles


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