Preparation and Characterization of Model Tire-Road Wear Particles

Chae Eun Son, Sung Seen Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Tire tread wear particles (TWPs) are one of major sources of microplastics in the environment. Tire-road wear particles (TRWPs) are mainly composed of TWPs and mineral particles (MPs), and many have long shapes. In the present work, a preparation method of model TRWPs similar to those found in the environment was developed. The model TRWPs were made of TWPs of 212-500 pm and MPs of 20-38 pm. Model TWPs were prepared using a model tire tread compound and indoor abrasion tester while model MPs were prepared by crushing granite rock. The TWPs and MPs were mixed and compressed using a stainless steel roller. The TWPs were treated with chloroform to make them stickier. Many MPs in the model TRWP were deeply stuck into the TWPs. The proper weight ratio of MP and TWP was MP:TWP = 10:1, and the double step pressing procedure was good for the preparation of model TRWPs. The model TRWPs were characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The model TRWPs had long shapes and the MP content was about 10%. The model TRWPs made of TWPs and asphalt pavement wear particles showed plate-type particles deeply stuck into the TWP. Characteristics of model TRWPs can be controlled by employing various kinds and sizes of TWPs and MPs. The well-defined model TRWPs can be used as the reference TRWPs for tracing the pollutants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1512
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022


  • Mineral particle
  • Model TRWP
  • SEM
  • TGA
  • Tire wear particle (TWP)
  • Tire-road wear particle (TRWP)


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