Improvement of Gear Durability for an 86 kW Class Agricultural Tractor Transmission by Material Selection

Seung Min Baek, Seung Yun Baek, Hyeon Ho Jeon, Wan Soo Kim, Yeon Soo Kim, Nam Hyeok Kim, Taeyong Sim, Hyunggun Kim, Yong Joo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This study was conducted to ensure gear durability and design optimal transmission of agricultural tractors. A field test was conducted using an 86 kW agricultural tractor for plow and rotary tillage, which are typical agricultural operations. The field test was completed after about 107 h due to transmission noise and operational problems. As a result of disassembling the transmission, it was found that the range shift A and B gears were damaged. In the case of the range shift A gear, it was judged that plastic deformation occurred due to low contact stress, and the bending stress was low, therefore gear tooth breakage occurred in the range shift B gear. In order to ensure the durability of the transmission, four materials of alloy steel for machine structural use, such as SCr420, SNCM220, SCM822, and SNC815, were selected, and the safety factor and service life according to the gear materials were compared using simulation software. As a result of simulation analysis, SCM822 satisfied the target life value and was selected as a material for change. The damaged range shift A and B gears were changed to SCM822, and an axle dynamometer test was performed for the verification of the modified transmission. After conducting the axle dynamometer test, the transmission was disassembled, and it was confirmed that the range shift A and B gears were in normal condition. Therefore, it was considered that the durability of the transmission was ensured by satisfying the target life requirements of the gears. In the future, the transmission simulation model for 86 kW class agricultural tractor is expected to be utilized for the development of tractor transmissions, cost reduction, and optimal design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123
JournalAgriculture (Switzerland)
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Agricultural tractor
  • Gear
  • Life
  • Material
  • Strength
  • Transmission


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