Heat transport and magnetohydrodynamic hybrid micropolar ferrofluid flow over a non-linearly stretching sheet

Abdul Rauf, Nehad Ali Shah, Aqsa Mushtaq, Thongchai Botmart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A stable colloid called ferrofluid is made up of tiny magnetic particles, often magnetite (Fe3O4), that have been bonded with an amphiphilic dispersion layer and are then suspended in a suitable liquid solvent carrier. Current industrial uses for ferrofluid include dynamic sealing, inertial and viscous damping, magnetic drug targeting, liquid microrobots, etc. In this article, we studied the heat transfer and MHD micropolar ferrofluid flow caused by non-linearly stretching surface. The results are presented for hybrid alumina-copper/ethylene glycol (Al2O3-Cu/EG) nanofluid. The governing non-linear equations describing flow are transformed into a system of ordinary differential equations using similarity transformations. Using the BVp4c method, the microstructure and inertial properties of a magnetite ferrofluid across a non-linear stretched sheet are studied. The influence of relevant parameters on stream function, velocity, micro-rotation velocity, and temperature are obtained and represented graphically. The computed results are original, and it has been observed that if we increase the magnetic parameter, the stream function and the velocity decrease, while the temperature and micro-rotation velocity increase. As the Prandtl number increases, the temperature profile decreases. It has been observed that the Nusselt number or heat transfer rate of hybrid nanofluid is better as compared to nanofluid flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)164-193
Number of pages30
JournalAIMS Mathematics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023


  • MHD flow
  • ferrofluid
  • ferrohydrodynamic
  • hybrid nanofluid
  • nonlinearly stretching sheet


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