Age and gender recognition using a convolutional neural network with a specially designed multi-attention module through speech spectrograms

Anvarjon Tursunov, Mustaqeem, Joon Yeon Choeh, Soonil Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Speech signals are being used as a primary input source in human–computer interaction (HCI) to develop several applications, such as automatic speech recognition (ASR), speech emotion recognition (SER), gender, and age recognition. Classifying speakers according to their age and gender is a challenging task in speech processing owing to the disability of the current methods of extracting salient high-level speech features and classification models. To address these problems, we introduce a novel end-to-end age and gender recognition convolutional neural network (CNN) with a specially designed multi-attention module (MAM) from speech signals. Our proposed model uses MAM to extract spatial and temporal salient features from the input data effectively. The MAM mechanism uses a rectangular shape filter as a kernel in convolution layers and comprises two separate time and frequency attention mechanisms. The time attention branch learns to detect temporal cues, whereas the frequency attention module extracts the most relevant features to the target by focusing on the spatial frequency features. The combination of the two extracted spatial and temporal features complements one another and provide high performance in terms of age and gender classification. The proposed age and gender classification system was tested using the Common Voice and locally developed Korean speech recognition datasets. Our suggested model achieved 96%, 73%, and 76% accuracy scores for gender, age, and age-gender classification, respectively, using the Common Voice dataset. The Korean speech recognition dataset results were 97%, 97%, and 90% for gender, age, and age-gender recognition, respectively. The prediction performance of our proposed model, which was obtained in the experiments, demonstrated the superiority and robustness of the tasks regarding age, gender, and age-gender recognition from speech signals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5892
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Volume21
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Age and gender recognition
  • Convolutional neural network
  • Human-computer interaction
  • Multi-attention module
  • Speech signals

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