Aflatoxin M1 in milk and dairy products: global occurrence and potential decontamination strategies

Khurram Muaz, Muhammad Riaz, Carlos Augusto Fernandes de Oliveira, Saeed Akhtar, Shinawar Waseem Ali, Habibullah Nadeem, Sungkwon Park, Balamuralikrishnan Balasubramanian

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) is a hepatocarcinogenic compound found in milk from lactating individuals receiving diets contaminated with aflatoxin B1. Considering the AFM1 resistance to conventional processing methods applied to milk products, novel approaches have been proposed to efficiently decontaminate AFM1. This review focuses on recent occurrence data of AFM1 and the physical, chemical and biological methods for decontamination of AFM1, in milk and dairy products. Occasionally, high AFM1 occurrence levels have been reported, mainly in African countries. Adsorption through nonviable microorganisms and clay materials are the most effective, promising approaches for decontamination of AFM1 from milk and dairy products.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)588-605
Number of pages18
JournalToxin Reviews
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • AFM1
  • adsorption
  • decontamination
  • degradation
  • milk products
  • occurrence

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